EMAN 630: Fall. Bellow is the Topic of the paper and What I have researched so far. There should be 10 or more scholarly references to be used for the paper, but I only got four so far (the references

EMAN 630: Fall. Bellow is the Topic of the paper and What I have researched so far. There should be 10 or more scholarly references to be used for the paper, but I only got four so far (the references below are the examples of the required scholarly references by the professor). I would appreciate if you can use exact required scholarly references. I would not mind to give you my login details in the UMUC library for more references. My login: Username: RBALOGUN1 and Password: Oreoluwa75. go to www.umuc.edu and go to the bottom to click library and log in to use UMUC electronic references for the paper. Thanks.

Topic: The importance and challenges of using social media in crisis communication and emergency management

Thesis statement: Social media play a significant role in a time of crisis communication and emergency management; with the advancement in the technology, it is obvious that emergency managers cannot do without the use of social media. Therefore, in this paper, I will examine the benefits and challenges of using social media in the event of crisis communication.


Crowe, A. (2011). The social media manifesto: A comprehensive review of the impact of social

               media on emergency management. Journal Of Business Continuity & Emergency                                      

               Planning. 5(1), 409-420. Retrieved 10/1/17, from            



Maresh-Fuehrer, M. M., Smith, R. (2016). Social media mapping innovations for crisis

               prevention, response, and evaluation, Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 54,

               January 2016, Pages 620-629, ISSN 0747-5632. Retrieved 10/1/17, from



Murthy, D., Gross, A., J. (2017). Social media processes in disasters: Implications of

               emergent technology use, Social Science Research, Volume 63, March 2017, Pages

               356-370, ISSN 0049-089X. Retrieved 10/1/17, from,



Takahashi, B., Tandoc Jr., E., C. Carmichael, C. (2015). Communicating on Twitter

               during a disaster: An analysis of tweets during Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines,

               Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 50, September 2015, Pages 392-398, ISSN

               0747-5632. Retrieved 10/1/17, from,




You must prepare an article-length research paper on a topic relating to the overall concept of crisis communication and emergency management. Your topic selection is subject to instructor approval. You may expand on the same topic you selected for your Technical Presentation assignment, or, you may pursue an alternate topic related to this course that is of special interest or relevance to you.  The length of the body of the paper should be approximately 12-15 pages (approximately 250-300 words per page, for a total of about 3,000-4,500 words), not including the Title Page (with Statement of authorship), Table of Contents, Abstract, Tables, Appendixes (if any), and References.  Use standard formatting (margins, font, etc.). APA citation style should be followed throughout the paper. Keep in mind that overall length is just one criterion; the major criterion is the quality of the content. 

With this assignment, as with all others, you must adhere to UMUC policies regarding academic integrity. Avoid plagiarism, both intentional and inadvertent, and provide accurate documentation and attribution of the work of others. UMUC’s policy recommends “carefully following accepted scholarly practices. Notes taken for papers and research projects should accurately record sources of material to be cited, quoted, paraphrased or summarized, and papers and research projects should acknowledge these sources in references.” (Policy 150.25 – Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism).   You must also include at the end of your paper a statement attesting that you are submitting work that is original and that complies with standards for academic honesty. See the specifications below for the attestation statement. Also, you may not submit a paper that you have written for any other class.   I will use Turnitin to generate an Originality Report with a Similarity Index score to check all the papers for any possible plagiarism, or an excessive proportion of direct quotes and paraphrasing relative to your own work. If so, I will inform you of the results in my feedback. Even if you include citations and used quotation marks to avoid any risk of plagiarism, you should strive for a proper balance. It’s necessary to cite and occasionally quote from, appropriate sources to support your own arguments and assertions, but you should avoid simply copying-and pasting large sections or paragraphs from the work of others to form a paper. 

You are expected to use scholarly publications in support of your topic (part of your research strategy). That means searching UMUC’s online library databases for your sources. In other words, do not use search engines such as Google as your primary means to find sources. Do not rely on Wikipedia as a source.  You must develop your paper using at least 10 high-quality references. Of the 10 or more references, you must rely on and cite a minimum of 5 scholarly and/or substantive government publications, such as articles from academic journals, theses and dissertations, books or official reports. You should search the UMUC Library databases for journals or government documents. You must  3 also include 5 or more references from other well-respected sources, such as government, think tank, or professional association publications or Web sites.  Not acceptable: Introductory textbooks, or textbooks used for other EMAN or HSMN courses.  Limit the number of secondary sources such as online articles from newspapers, popular magazines, or trade journals. A few are fine to supplement your primary sources, but don’t overdo it. Also, limit informational web pages you use as sources to no more than two (2). Citing simple informational web pages for research—even official web pages from government agencies—is not generally appropriate for graduate-level research papers, as these web pages seldom include authors, publication dates, or citations, and they are often brief and more informational than substantive. Also, avoid relying on vendor-provided information (unless, for example, you are comparing and contrasting vendors’ claims), and avoid the use of online encyclopedia or dictionaries. Citation Tips You must cite correctly and follow the standards in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for in-text attribution of sources and for the reference list at the end. The UMUC Library provides some useful Web pages:  • APA: http://www.umuc.edu/library/guides/apa.shtml  • Tutorial, either HTML or Flash format: http://www.umuc.edu/library/tutorials/citation/   If you’d prefer video tutorials on APA style, try this web site: http://www.apastyle.org/index.aspx.  The tutorials are at http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx.   The tutorials cover things like how to properly cite references, how to write a well-structured paper (e.g., using headings), and how to avoid plagiarism.  In addition, Wikipedia provides a listing of other references and tools to correctly format your references: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APA_style.s Scroll to the External Links at the end. Note that for your own references, Wikipedia and online dictionaries will not count, since those are not primary sources. Scholarly, or substantive/authoritative primary sources are the standard for graduate school research.

Content Specifications The contents and organization of the paper should include: • Title page or cover sheet with a formal title for your paper • A concise literature review to summarize published scholarship on your topic and explain the major debates or controversies, alternate approaches or schools of thought, and main focus areas of the literature. • Main body (see below) • List of References or Works Cited • (OPTIONAL) Abstract, Table of Contents, Appendices for figures, tables, etc. • Statement attesting to original work (see below)  Follow general APA formatting guidelines, with the exception that the document may be either single or double-spaced. I strongly recommend using subject headings in bold to organize the narrative and introduce transition points from one major topic or issue to another, and use paragraphing to break up and further organize the narrative in the body of the paper. I would also appreciate pagination (i.e., inserting sequential page numbers).  Good papers clearly present your research findings and analyze and assess those findings. At the graduate school level, you need to do more than report on your research; you must evaluate the significance and potential ramifications of the issue at hand. Where appropriate, you should also critique information you found in the sources you used. End your paper with a meaningful conclusion section. Conclusions summarize your evaluation of the topic or show how you proved your thesis statement. Conclusions do not present new information!  5 The body of the paper should be approximately 12-15 pages (approximately 250-300 words per page, for a total of about 3,000-4,500 words), not including the Title Page (with Statement of authorship), Table of Contents, Abstract, Tables, Appendixes (if any), and References. These are guidelines, and not absolute or strict requirements. If you can brilliantly present an idea in 2,900 words, that is acceptable. If you exceed 4,500 words because you have significant analysis to present, that is fine. What is not acceptable is a paper that is brief rather than substantive, or includes excessive verbiage that strays off topic or consists of “filler” and “fluff.”  Please use subject headings in bold to introduce the transition points from one major section or topic to another, and use paragraphing to organize the narrative in each section. I would also appreciate pagination (i.e., inserting sequential page numbers).  Support all statements of facts, assertions, and conclusions with credible sources. Cite the source, whether you are summarizing, paraphrasing, or quoting directly. Follow the APA guidelines for quoting sources, including specific page or paragraph numbers in the in-text citations.   Only a limited amount of material should be quoted, summarized, or paraphrased from sources. I recommend a maximum range of 10-15%. You are to provide original analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of information. If it appears too high a proportion of your paper is quoted, it will be subject to additional scrutiny. Evaluate the quoted material to determine if it carries your analysis forward (good!) or if you are using it in place of your own critical thinking (bad!).  

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